Anatra DS Anasal

The Russian airplane Anatra Anasal is a product of the Odessa factory Anatra. The factory was founded in 1913 by the Odessa banker Artur Antonovič Anatra. The products of this factory had two-word names – first the name of the owner, the second was generally the first two syllables of the owner's surname, to which was added a suffix, derived from the motor used - in this case, a Salmson engine.

The prototype of the experimental two-seat Anatra Anasal was flight-tested June 2th, 1916, and production started in 1917. Two years after the start of the war, the concern was producing 50 aircraft per month, later as many as 100.

The aircraft is entirely of wooden construction, covered with sheet aluminum in the area of the motor. The wings and tail are wooden frames covered with fabric. The liquid-cooled engine turns a two-bladed wooden propeller. The main fuel tank is under the pilot's seat, and fuel is fed from there into a gravity-feed secondary tank beneath the upper wing, pushed up by a pump driven by a small propeller exposed to the windstream under the fuselage.

The aircraft's armament comprised one fixed synchronized Vickers machine-gun and one moveable Colt machine-gun (later replaced by a Maxim) on a ring mount, operated by the observer. Details of armament location and observer's cabin.


The aircraft was used by the Austro-Hungarian army, from which the newly created Czechoslovakian army air force acquired them after the formation of the first republic.

Technical parameters:
Manufacturer: Aircraft factory Anatra, Odessa, 1917
Motor: liquid cooled, Salmson 9U radial 9-cylinder, 150 horsepower
Climb performance: 3000 meters / 24 minutes, 4300 meters service ceiling
Maximum speed: 150 km/hour
Wingspan: 12.37 meters
Length: 8.1 meters
Height: 3.19 meters
Weight: 750 kg empty, 1164 max take-off
Climb to 2000 meters: 13 minutes
Service ceiling: 4300 meters
Endurance: 3.5 hours